how do solar panels work simplified solar panels

How do solar panels work
How do solar panels work

 

The life cycle of solar energy

 

When people talk about “harnessing solar energy”, they are really talking about converting the photons in sunlight into a usable form of energy. It happens quickly in a series of steps from one end of your solar system to another. Sunlight is captured by your solar panels sent through your inverter and then into your home’s power grid, where it can be used to run appliances, charge solar batteries, or reinjected into the main network for a solar discount.

 

Let’s break this process down step by step

 

  • During the day, photons from the sun’s rays hit your solar panels and are captured by the solar power modules and solar Photovoltaic cells.

 

  • To capture these photons, each PV cell has an upper layer and a lower layer. Giving the top layer a negative electric charge and the bottom layer a positive charge creates a small electric field that captures photons. When the photons hit the electric field, it causes a reaction that sets the electrons in motion and generates electricity.

 

  • This tiny but near-instantaneous movement happens over and over again, causing DC (direct current) electricity to be generated. Unfortunately, although you can use direct current electricity, 99% of modern homes and appliances in Australia use alternating current (alternating current) electricity. The energy generated by your panels must therefore be converted by a solar inverter before you can use it.

 

  • Solar inverters are one of the most important parts of your solar system. Your solar the panels send the DC electricity they generate to a solar inverter, which reverses the current and converts it into alternating current that your home can use. Due to the position it is in, your UPS can also manage electricity flow, monitor system statistics, provide fault and ground protection, track energy consumption and more. . When it comes to solar power, your inverter is just as important as your solar panels, if not more.

 

  • Once your electricity has been converted to alternating current, it is ready to use! This process repeats over and over again until your solar the panels break completely. As long as your panels and inverter are working, you can keep producing electricity efficiently forever!

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